Preselection of independent variables to include in the multivariate logistic regression model was done by using Student t-test analysis in order to determine the significance of differences fda approved between OCD patients and HC. In the multivariate logistic model, only individual variables with P < 0.05 in the preselection analyses were included. All tests were two-tailed, and the level of statistical significance was defined as α < 0.05. Because of multicollinearity
between neuropsychological Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical variables, which impacts conclusions about the significance of effects and model applicability in regression models, we checked, separately for the two groups, the tolerance value of each viable predictor, that is, the proportion of variation in each predictor independent from the correlation between regressors (Berk 1977). The tolerance value was computed as: where R2j is the coefficient of determination Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical obtained by modeling the jth regressor (each neuropsychological test score where a significant difference between OCD and HC was observed) as a linear function of the remaining independent variables. The cutoff value was set such that the
variability in a predictor not related to other variables in the model was at least larger than 30%. Neuroimaging In order to avoid possible edge effects Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical between different tissue types, the VBM analyses of GM and WM volumes were carried out excluding all voxels with a probability
of belonging to the relative tissue less than 20% (absolute threshold masking). Further, statistical analyses of MD maps were restricted to cortical Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical and deep GM structure using an inclusive mask obtained by averaging subjects’ GM segments and excluding all voxels with a probability of belonging to GM less than 30%. Finally, statistical analyses on FA maps were restricted to voxels in the WM skeleton. Differences in four neuroimaging Belinostat ptcl parameters (i.e. GM and WM volume, GM MD and WM tract FA) between HC and OCD subjects were tested at the voxel level Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical by means of unpaired t-tests using SPM-8 within the framework of the General Linear Model. The relationship between cognition and neuroimaging parameters in the two groups was assessed as follows: subjects’ scores in the neuropsychological task resulting as the only significant predictor of diagnosis (i.e., Entinostat SFT, see 2013 section) was entered as regressor in eight different multiple regression designs (i.e., two groups – OCD and HC subjects – and four imaging parameters – GM and WM volume, GM MD and WM tract FA), using age and years of formal education as covariates of no interest. Finally, to obtain fine anatomical connectivity localization of statistical results on GM and WM, respectively, two different brain atlases were used: (1) the automated anatomical labeling (AAL) (Tzourio-Mazoyer et al.