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He also supervised the work and reviewed the manuscript. C-YC participated in the design and coordination of the study. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Introduction Since 2004, the monolayer graphene has been successfully realized in experiment [1, 2]. Subsequently, its intriguing properties originating from the strictly two-dimensional structure and massless Dirac fermion-like behavior of low-energy excitation have attracted intensive attention [3, 4]. Graphene can be tailored into various edge nanoribbons. Their semiconducting properties with a tunable band gap dependent on the structural size and geometry make them good candidates for the electric and spintronic devices . Due to this reason, the graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) become of particular interest.