(Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 129: 101, 2012.)”
“The fatty acids (FA) compositions and positional distributions in triacylglycerols (TAG) and phospholipids
(PL) of five wild freshwater fish (Squaliobarbus curriculus, Erythroculter ilishaeformis, Pseudobagrus fulvidraco, Bostrichthys sinensis, and Siniperca kneri Garman) from Poyang Lake (the largest freshwater lake of China) were studied. For TAG, S. kneri German had the highest content (13.59%) of n – 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and E. ilishaeformis had the lowest ratio of (n – 6)/(n – 3) (0.65). PL had a high content of PUFA, which declined in the order of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) > phosphatidylcholine (PC) > TAG. 9c11t-18:2 accounted for 6.38-50.77% of total conjugated linoleic acids (CLA). The Tariquidar purchase highest level of odd-branched chain Selleck CCI-779 fatty acids (OBCFA) was 26.7% in B. sinensis. The study revealed that the distribution of FA among the sn positions was not random: monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and PUPA preferred positions 1 and 3 and saturated fatty acids (SPA) position 2 of TAG, while SFA and MUFA predominated over sn-1-PL and PUFA over sn-2-PL.”
“OBJECTIVES: Significant advances have been made in clinical and epidemiologic research methods over the past 30 years. We sought to demonstrate the impact of these advances on published gastroenterology
research from 1980 to 2010.\n\nMETHODS: Twenty original clinical articles were randomly selected from each of three journals from 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2010. Each article was assessed for topic, whether the outcome was clinical or physiologic, study design, sample size, number of authors and Fludarabine centers collaborating, reporting of various statistical methods, and external funding.\n\nRESULTS: From 1980 to 2010, there was a significant increase in analytic studies, clinical outcomes, number of authors per article, multicenter collaboration, sample size, and external funding. There was increased reporting of P values, confidence intervals, and power calculations, and increased
use of large multicenter databases, multivariate analyses, and bioinformatics.\n\nCONCLUSIONS: The complexity of clinical gastroenterology and hepatology research has increased dramatically, highlighting the need for advanced training of clinical investigators.”
“Amphibian populations have been decreasing in urban freshwater systems in Korea. To elucidate the biological safety of treated wastewater effluent (TWE) in the Tancheon basin, the capital area of Korea, a 7-d-exposure Bombina orientalis embryo developmental toxicity assay was examined during the breeding season. In March, there were no significant differences in embryonic survival or malformation among the water samples.