15%), pH 7.4, with proportion of 9 ml/1 g of tissue. The proteases were inactivated with the addition of 0.5 mM phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (Sigma-Aldrich®, SP, Brazil) in anhydrous ethanol (1 μl of PMSF/1 ml of KPi buffer). The homogenization was performed manually in a glass macerator, with Blebbistatin datasheet a Teflon pistil, counting 30 rotation movements and structure compression . The homogenized samples were then centrifuged (3,000 rpm for 10 minutes at 6°C) and the supernatants utilized to determine the malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities. Determination of total protein by the Bradford method This technique is based in the interaction between the coomassie
brilliant blue pigment BG 250 (Sigma-Aldrich®, SP, Brazil) and the protein macromolecules that contain aromatic or basic lateral amino acids. The interaction between the high molecular weight protein and the pigment provokes a shift of this in the equilibrium to the anionic form, which absorbs strongly at 595 nm . To assess the dosage of protein in the tissue, 10 μl of homogenized sample was diluted in 190 μl of distilled water. Twenty microliters of this solution was placed in plastic cuvettes (optical path: 10 mm), containing ABT-888 concentration 1 ml of Bradford reagent. The sample absorbances were determined at 595 nm, in a Lambda 35 spectrophotometer (Perkin-Elmer of Brazil, SP, Brazil). The protein standard curve
was obtained from known concentrations of standard solutions of
bovine albumin (1 mg/ml). Determination of malondialdehyde (MDA) through the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances test To determine the MDA concentration, the technique according to JA Buege and SD Aust . To promote the precipitation of proteins, 125 μl of THZ1 solubility dmso tissue homogenate or plasmatic supernatant was added to 375 μl of 10% trichloroacetic acid solution. Next, the samples were centrifuged Endonuclease (3,000 rpm for 10 minutes at 6°C) and 250 μl of 0.670% thiobarbituric acid was added to 250 μl of supernatant. The solution was agitated and heated at 100°C in a water-bath for 15 minutes. After cooling, 750 μl of n-butanol was added. Then, following the second agitation, the samples were centrifuged (3,000 rpm for 5 minutes at 6°C). The stained supernatant was placed in glass microcuvettes to determine the absorbance at 535 nm in a Lambda 35 spectrophotometer (Perkin-Elmer of Brazil, SP, Brazil). The MDA concentration in each cuvette was expressed in nmol per mg of total proteins. To calculate the MDA concentration, the standard curve generated from the known concentrations of 1, 1, 3, 3-Tetrametoxypropane 100 nmol/ml in 1% H2SO4 solution was utilized. Determination of superoxide dismutase activity (SOD) SOD activity was determined according to the technique of  at 420 nm. This reaction consisted of the inhibition of pyrogallol auto-oxidation by SOD activity.