Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“We tested the hypothesis that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced click here inactivation of Akt within endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) is mediated at the level of Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), specifically by nitrosylation of the p85 subunit of PI3K, and that this action is critical in provoking oxLDL-induced EPC apoptosis. Hypercholesterolemic ApoE null mice had a significant reduction of the phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt)/Akt ratio in EPCs, as
well as a greater percentage of apoptosis in these cells than EPCs isolated from wild-type (WT) C57Bl/6 mice. EPCs were isolated from WT spleen and exposed to oxLDL in vitro. oxLDL increased O(2)(-) and Selleckchem BVD-523 H(2)O(2) in these cells and induced a dose-and time-dependent reduction in the p-Akt/Akt ratio and increase in EPC apoptosis. These effects were significantly reduced by the antioxidants superoxide dismutase, L-NAME, epicatechin and FeTPPs. oxLDL also induced nitrosylation of the p85 subunit of PI3K and subsequent dissociation of the p85 and p110 subunits, an effect significantly reduced by all the antioxidant agents tested. EPC transfection with a constitutively active Akt isoform (Ad-myrAkt)
significantly reduced oxLDL-induced apoptosis of WT EPCs. The present findings indicate that oxLDL disrupts the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway at the level of p85 in EPCs. This dysfunction can be reversed by ex vivo antioxidant therapy. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“Background/Aims: Aminopeptidase P (APP) is specifically enriched in caveolae on the luminal surface of pulmonary vascular endothelium. APP antibodies bind lung endothelium in vivo and are rapidly and actively pumped across the endothelium into lung tissue. Here we characterize the immunotargeting properties and pharmacokinetics of the APP-specific recombinant antibody 833c. Methods: We used in situ binding, biodistribution analysis and in vivo imaging to assess the lung targeting of 833c. Results: HSP90 More
than 80% of 833c bound during the first pass through isolated perfused lungs. Dynamic SPECT acquisition showed that 833c rapidly and specifically targeted the lungs in vivo, reaching maximum levels within 2 min after intravenous injection. CT-SPECT imaging revealed specific targeting of 833c to the thoracic cavity and co-localization with a lung perfusion marker, Tc99m-labeled macroaggregated albumin. Biodistribution analysis confirmed lung-specific uptake of 833c which declined by first-order kinetics (t(1/2) = 110 h) with significant levels of 833c still present 30 days after injection. Conclusion: These data show that APP expressed in endothelial caveolae appears to be readily accessible to circulating antibody rather specifically in lung.