This article provides an overview of the evidence base for interprofessional collaboration involving doctors and nurses and new models of care in relation to patient outcomes.
authors conducted independent literature searches in PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library and selected fourteen randomised controlled trials (RCT) for review. All of the RCTs originated from Western countries, and the majority tested collaborative care management models against usual care within the elderly population. The major components of the interventions involved individual evidence-based treatment plans, care coordination, health status monitoring, coaching in self-management and Ro-3306 promotion of community-based services. They varied between a few days’ and three years’ duration. Outcome measures incorporated mortality, clinical, functional and social outcomes, and utilisation of medical
services. Some studies also used patient-reported outcomes.
While the results of the fourteen RCTs included were mixed, all but one study reported at least one statistically significant improvement in outcome following interventions based on interprofessional collaboration. More rigorous research MAPK inhibitor in this field and expansion of areas of interprofessional collaboration are needed. Nevertheless, up to now the evidence base of interprofessional collaboration shows promising results in relation to patient outcomes.”
“We present a density-functional theory study on the electronic structure of pure and 3d transition metal (TM) (Sc, Ti, Cr, Mn, and Ni) incorporated alpha-Fe(2)O(3). We find that the incorporation of 3d TMs in alpha-Fe(2)O(3) has two main effect such as: (1) the valence and conduction Selleck MAPK inhibitor band edges are modified. In particular, the incorporation of Ti provides electron carriers and reduces the electron effective mass, which will improve the electrical conductivity of alpha-Fe(2)O(3).
(2) The unit cell volume changes systematically such as: the incorporation of Sc increases the volume, whereas the incorporation of Ti, Cr, Mn, and Ni reduces the volume monotonically, which can affect the hopping probability of localized charge carriers (polarons). We discuss the importance of these results in terms of the utilization of hematite as a visible-light photocatalyst. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3432736]“
“Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different healing times before loading on the stability of implanted titanium mini-implant.
Study design. Forty mini-implants were implanted in bilateral maxilla in 10 beagles, loaded with a force of 0.98 N after a delay of 0 day (immediately activated) and 1, 3, 5, and 7 weeks. Microscopic computerized tomography (mu CT) and pullout test were used for morphometric and biomechanical analyses, respectively.