0022) and total adipose mass (P = 0.0187) without altering lean mass. The effect of CLA in lowering BMI was detected during the last Z-VAD-FMK order 8 wk of each 16-wk diet period. In contrast, SAF had no effect on BMI or total adipose mass but reduced trunk adipose mass (P = 0.0422) and increased lean mass (P = 0.0432). SAF also significantly lowered fasting glucose (P = 0.0343) and increased adiponectin (P = 0.0051). No differences were observed in dietary energy intake,
total fat intake, and fat quality in either diet period for either intervention.
Conclusions: Supplementation with CLA and SAF exerted different effects on BMI, total and trunk adipose mass, and lean tissue mass in obese postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes. Supplementation with these dietary oils may be beneficial for weight loss, glycemic control, or both. Am J Clin Nutr 2009;90:468-76.”
“In this article, we report the influence of the polyimide molecular weight (1.2 x 10(5), 2.6 x 10(5), and 4.1 x 10(5)) on the structure and the gas permeation properties of asymmetric polyimide membranes made by the dry wet phase-inversion process. The apparent skin layer thickness of the asymmetric
membrane increased with increasing molecular weight, and the thicknesses of the membranes prepared from the three polyimides with a casting polymer solution containing 8.0 wt % butanol were 132, 350, and 739 nm, respectively. That is, the gas permeance in the asymmetric membranes increased with decreasing molecular weight. In contrast, the gas selectivity of the asymmetric membranes did not depend on the CFTRinh172 skin layer thickness. The solvent evaporation
in the dry phase-inversion process and the nonsolvent diffusion in the dry process were important factors that determined the formation of the asymmetric membrane. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 118: 105-112, 2010″
“We have examined the infrared (IR) spectra of electron-beam (EB) irradiated C-60 films, using in situ IR spectroscopy in the temperature range of 60-300 K. The irradiation-time evolution of the IR spectra shows that two highly intense new peaks finally appear around 565 and 1340 cm(-1) when the EB-induced C-60 polymerization was saturated. To determine the cross-linked structure of the polymer explicitly, we have compared the IR spectra IPI 145 with theoretical spectra obtained from the cross-linked structure of all C-120 stable isomers derived from the general Stone-Wales (GSW) rearrangement, using first-principles density-functional calculations. Since each C-120 isomer has the same cross-linked structure as that of its corresponding one-dimensional (1D) C-60 polymer, the IR modes obtained from the cross-linked structure of C-120 are close to those obtained from the corresponding 1D polymer. Comparison between the experimental and theoretical IR spectra suggests that the 1D peanut-shaped C-60 polymer has a cross-linked structure roughly similar to that of the P08 peanut-shaped C-120 isomer. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics.