Neurourol Urodynam 31:11611164, 2012 (c) 2012 Wiley Periodical

Neurourol. Urodynam. 31:11611164, 2012. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Various researchers have reported the weedicidal potential of sunflower when used as incorporation, mulch or aqueous extract without noticing its effect

on crop. This study was planned to investigate the harmful effects of sunflower phytochemicals on wheat varieties. Early laboratory experiments were performed on four wheat varieties, i.e. Inqlab-91, Punjab-96, Pasban-90 and Uqab-2000. The aqueous extract of three sunflower varieties tested against wheat varieties significantly decreased biomass of wheat seedlings, especially at concentrations of 40% and 50%. However, wheat variety Punjab-96 resisted the Napabucasin purchase most, which was selected for further trials. This detrimental effect was also noticed in pot trials, the extent of which varied with the age of the wheat seedlings and number of sprays. Three early sprays with one week intervals showed maximum losses to the crop plant. The study suggests

the use of sunflower extracts for the management of weeds that emerge 3-4 weeks after wheat seedlings. However, the CH5424802 cost study discourages the use of sunflower mulch or incorporation in wheat fields for weed management.”
“Aims To identify risk factors for mesh exposures after anterior pelvic organ prolapse repair using a standardized trocar guided polypropylene mesh kit. Methods A secondary risk analysis combining patients from two prospective multicenter studies. Main outcome was clinical host-vs-implant reactions one year after surgery using a macroscopic inflammatory scale. Results 353 patients were included in the study. Mean

age at surgery was 65.3 (+/- 9.6 SD) years selleck screening library and surgery was performed as a primary procedure in 224/353 (63.5%) patients. Mesh exposures, of which the majority were mild-moderate, occurred in a total of 30/349 patients (8.6%). Multivariate logistic regression showed increased odds for mesh exposures for women who smoked before surgery (OR 3.48, 95% CI 1.1810.28), who had given birth to more than two children (OR 2.64, 95% CI 1.076.51) and those with somatic inflammatory disease (OR 5.11, 95% CI 1.1722.23). Age, body mass index, and menopausal status showed no significant association with clinical mesh exposures. Conclusions Smoking, multiple childbirth, and somatic inflammatory disease are possible risk factors for mesh exposure after trocar guided mesh kit surgery for anterior pelvic organ prolapse. Preoperative smoking cessation may decrease the risk for exposures. Neurourol. Urodynam. 31:11651169, 2012. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Curcuma ochrorhiza (‘temu putih’) and C. heyneana (‘temu giring’) are two Zingiberaceous species which are commonly used in traditional medicine in Malaysia and Indonesia.

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