Aim: To demonstrate the reliability and relevance of a clinical m

Aim: To demonstrate the reliability and relevance of a clinical model for the assessment of therapeutic efficacy of a treatment using the Adherent Scalp Flaking Score (ASFS) method to quantitate the flaking severity. Methods: Six randomized, double-blind, parallel design studies were conducted in either

North America or Asia with subjects suffering from dandruff using the ASFS Emricasan datasheet grading method before and after a 3-week test product treatment period. Results: Treatment with a commercial potentiated 1% zinc pyrithione (ZPT) shampoo resulted in statistically significant (p smaller than 0.0001) improvements in total ASFS compared with the placebo cosmetic shampoo. Results were consistent across all studies, geographies, and product usage protocols (controlled on-site versus home use conditions), and were associated with statistically significant improvements in self-perception of scalp condition. Conclusion: The ASFS-based clinical model was demonstrated to selleck products be a reliable and proven methodology to assess the effectiveness of widely used anti-dandruff treatments. The results are consistent with patient self-assessments, establishing this methodology as relevant to patient perception of product benefits.”
“Three-dimensional (3-D) analysis of anatomical ultrastructures is important in biological research. However, 3-D image analysis on exact serial sets of ultra-thin sections from

biological specimens is very difficult to achieve, and limited information can be obtained by 3-D reconstruction

from these sections due to the small area that can be reconstructed. On the other hand, the high-penetration power of electrons by an ultra-high accelerating voltage enables thick sections of biological specimens to be examined. High-voltage electron microscopy (HVEM) is particularly useful for 3-D analysis of the central nervous system because considerably thick sections can be observed at the ultrastructure level. Here, we applied HVEM tomography assisted by light microscopy to a study of the 3-D chemical neuroanatomy of the rat lower spinal cord annotated by double-labeling immunohistochemistry. This powerful methodology is useful for studying molecular and/or chemical neuroanatomy at the 3-D ultrastructural level.”
“We performed a systematic analysis of which drugs, prescribed, over the counter (OTC), and/or natural remedies, children had used prior to visiting a pediatric emergency room (ER), and to compare this information with the documentation of drug use in the medical records.\n\nA questionnaire study was performed at a pediatric ER in a Swedish university hospital during 3 weeks in April 2008. The questionnaire was validated through an interview with a subgroup of participants. Only drug use associated with the time of that hospital visit was requested. Information was compared with information in medical records related to the same visit.

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