A10 is strongly associated with the vernalization requirement of rapeseed (r(2) = 0.93, chi(2) = 0.50). This polymorphic site is derived from a Tourist-like miniature inverted-repeat transposable element (MITE) insertion/deletion in the upstream region of BnFLC.A10.
The MITE sequence was not present in the BnFLC.A10 gene in spring-type rapeseed, nor in ancestral ‘A’ genome species B. rapa genotypes. Our results suggest that the insertion may have occurred in winter rapeseed after B. napus speciation.\n\nConclusions: Our findings strongly suggest that (i) BnFLC.A10 is the gene underlying qFT10-4, the QTL for phenotypic diversity of flowering time in the TN-DH population, (ii) the allelic diversity caused by Caspase inhibitor in vivo MITE insertion/deletion upstream of BnFLC.A10 is one of the major causes of differentiation of winter and spring genotypes in rapeseed and (iii) winter rapeseed has evolved from spring genotypes through compound inhibitor selection pressure at the BnFLC.A10 locus, enabling expanded cultivation of rapeseed along the route of Brassica domestication.”
“Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility of intensity-modulated radiotherapy with simultaneous integrated boost to the dominant intraprostatic lesion for definitive treatment of prostate cancer.\n\nMaterials and Methods: Patients were deemed eligible for the study if they had histologically proven stage cT2-T3 N0M0 prostate adenocarcinoma. In addition <20%
risk of lymph nodal 3-deazaneplanocin A involvement according to Roach formula, was required for enrollment. Patients were treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy with simultaneous integrated boost technique to the dominant intraprostatic lesion defined by magnetic resonance imaging. The prescribed dose to the prostate and seminal vesicles was 72 Gy (1.8 Gy per fraction). The dose delivered to the intraprostatic lesion received was 80 Gy (2 Gy per fraction). Acute gastrointestinal (GI) and genitourinary (GU) toxicity was evaluated weekly during treatment, and at 1 and 3 months thereafter. Late GI
and GU toxicity was evaluated by Kaplan Meier method.\n\nResults: Forty patients were deemed evaluable. Acute and late GI and GU toxicity were evaluated in all patients. Two patients (5%) developed acute grade 3 GI toxicity and 1 patient (2.5%) developed acute grade 3 GU toxicity. No grade 4 acute GI or GU toxicity occurred. With a median follow-up of 19 months (interquartile range, 15 to 26 mo), the 2-year actuarial cumulative incidence of grade >= 2 rectal toxicity was 9.5%. The 2-year actuarial cumulative incidence of grade >= 2 urinary toxicity was 13.3%.\n\nConclusions: Treatment related acute toxicity was low in our cohort. Prolonged observation with a larger series of patients is necessary to evaluate late toxicity and local control.”
“Quantitative structure-activity relationship analysis of some recently synthesized thiourea derivatives was studied for their cytotoxicity data (CC50) in MT-4 cells.