2% In recent years, ZnS thin films have been grown by a variety

2%. In recent years, ZnS thin films have been grown by a variety of deposition techniques, such

as chemical bath deposition [8], evaporation [9], and solvothermal method [10]. Chemical bath deposition is promising because of its low cost, arbitrary substrate shapes, simplicity, and capability of large area preparation. There are many reports of successful fabrication of ZnS-based heterojunction solar cells by the chemical bath deposition method, such as with CIGS used for the n-type emitter layer [11]. This study aimed to grow ZnS https://www.selleckchem.com/products/azd8186.html thin films on a p-type silicon wafer using chemical bath deposition method. Crystalline silicon solar cells are presently due to their higher photovoltaic conversion efficiency, long-term stability, and optimized manufacturing check details process [12]. n-ZnS/textured p-Si heterojunctions were produced, and their photovoltaic properties were investigated

under various annealing temperatures. Methods ZnS nanocrystals were prepared using the chemical bath deposition (CBD) procedure. Aqueous solutions of 0.15 M ZnSO4, 0.5 M thiourea (NH2)2CS, and 0.2 M ammonia NH3 were mixed in a glass beaker under magnetic stirring. The beaker was maintained at a reaction temperature of 80°C using a water bath for 30 min. In addition, the silicon wafer samples were cleaned using a standard wet cleaning process. Subsequently, KOH was diluted to isotropically etch the silicon wafer to form a surface with a pyramid texture [13]. The preparation process of ZnS/textured p-Si solar cells has three parts: Firstly, square samples of 1.5 × 1.5 cm2 were cut from a (100)-oriented p-type silicon wafer with ρ = 1–10 Ω cm and thickness of 200 μm. www.selleckchem.com/products/dibutyryl-camp-bucladesine.html For ohmic contact electrodes, DC sputtering was used to deposit about 2 μm of Al onto the back of the Si substrates, followed by furnace annealing at 450°C for 1 h in Ar ambient to serve as the p-ohmic contact electrodes. Secondly, a 200-nm n-type ZnS thin film was deposited on the prepared p-type Si by chemical bath deposition in order to form a ZnS/p-Si

heterojunction. Casein kinase 1 Finally, an AZO film and Al metal grid with a thickness of about 0.4 and 2 μm, respectively, were deposited by sputtering. The phase identification was performed by X-ray powder diffraction (Rigaku Dmax-33, Rigaku Corporation, Tokyo, Japan). The morphology and microstructure were examined by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) (HF-2000, Hitachi, Tokyo, Japan). The reflectance spectra were measured at room temperature using a JASCO UV-670 UV–vis spectrophotometer (Jasco Analytical Instruments, Easton, MD, USA). The current–voltage measurements (Keithley 2410 source meter, Keithley Instruments Inc., Cleveland, OH, USA) were obtained using a solar simulator (Teltec, Mainhardt, Germany) with an AM 1.5 filter under an irradiation intensity of 100 mW/cm2. Results and discussion X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of ZnS grown without annealing and at annealing temperatures of 150°C and 250°C are shown in Figure 1.

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