[16, 17] With international travel soon reaching the 1 billion pe

[16, 17] With international travel soon reaching the 1 billion people traveling per year mark and growing, more effort is needed to explore ways in which injury prevention can be adequately included in pre-travel consultation. An important prerequisite for communication is risk perception, and if providers and travelers do not perceive injuries as risks during travel they are

less likely to discuss these or suggest preventive measures. In this issue of the Journal of Travel Medicine, Piotte and colleagues present findings from their study evaluating pre-travel consultation provided by primary care physicians (PCPs) in France.[18] They present the case of a 25-year-old man traveling alone for a 1-month trek in Peru for whom only 30% of PCPs recommended “repatriation insurance.”[18] Higher risk of injuries is observed in young men and despite the travel itinerary and age-associated risk, fewer PCPs perceived injuries as a risk. Veliparib research buy In fact, PCPs were more

likely to recommend water, hand hygiene, and use of condoms than injury prevention advice. Travelers themselves may also underestimate the risk of injuries, though this perception may change substantially post-travel.[19] The higher risk of RTIs among travelers is caused by many reasons: varied mix of traffic, poor road conditions, unfamiliarity with traffic HDAC phosphorylation rules, unavailability of road safety measures—helmets, seatbelts, child restraints—adventure-seeking attitude during travel, drinking and

driving, speeding, lack of concentration because of exhaustion, jetlag, and cell phone usage when drivings, amongst others.[13] Some of these factors are preventable and pre-travel consultations can include a focused discussion on road safety measures and provision of resources to seek more specific Dichloromethane dehalogenase advice. Clear messages on the risks and how they can be reduced ought to be an important part of pre-travel consults (Table 2). It has been observed that travelers do not adhere to all the pre-travel advice that they receive for prevention of infectious diseases.[20] This may turn out to be the case even for injury prevention advice; therefore alternative approaches to communication and development of factual materials will need to be explored. Further research can also be conducted in the future to study if pre-travel injury prevention advice has an effect on injury outcomes among travelers; this will provide a measure of real effectiveness. In the meantime, injuries are a grave risk for travelers and we propose that pre-travel consultations remain incomplete until they include injury prevention. The authors state that they have no conflicts of interest to declare. This work was partly supported by the Global Road Safety Program of Bloomberg Philanthropies. Prof. Hyder is also supported by grant # 5D43-TW009284 from the National Institute of Health Fogarty International Center, USA.

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