01 or <0 001 was indicated as *, ** or *** respectively Figure 4

01 or <0.001 was indicated as *, ** or *** respectively. Figure 4 Shh/Gli signaling down-regulates E-Cadherin expression. Immunofluorescent staining of E-Cad (green) in lung SCC H2170 cells treated with Gli-I,

vismodegib, and recombinant Shh proteins. DAPI (blue) was used to stain nuclei of those cells. Conclusions Our study provides evidence for aberrant activation find more of Shh/Gli pathway and a strong association between expressions of Gli proteins and EMT markers in human lung SCC, as well as the implication of activated Shh/Gli pathway in cell migration and EMT process. Our findings suggest that the Shh/Gli pathway may be a critical component in lung SCC recurrence, metastasis and resistance to chemotherapy. Inhibition of the Shh/Gli pathway activity/function is a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of lung SCC patients. Acknowledgements BTK inhibitor concentration This work was supported by NIH/NCI R01CA125030, and the Eileen D. Ludwig Endowed for Thoracic Oncology Research (to B He); The Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation, the Kazan, McClain, Abrams, Fernandez, Lyons, Greenwood, Harley & Oberman Foundation, the Ziegelmam Family Foundation, and the Barbara Isackson Lung Cancer Research Fund (to DM Jablons); Tianjin Municipal Science and Technology Commission (12JCYBJC17800)

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